Vehicle Maintenance: What you should know
Having the habit of conducting regular vehicle maintenance will not only extend the life of your car but it will also hep you avoid costly breakdowns. Basic routine vehicle maintenance is not a difficult task, it is something anyone and everyone can handle by following a regular schedule as outlined in your car owner’s manual.
1. Get familiar with your owner’s manual.
Every vehicle has an owner’s manual, a thick book usually kept in the glove box or another storage compartment. If you can’t find your copy, an electronic version could reside online. Otherwise, contact your dealer for a copy.This might be so boring to read but trust me, it helps in a lot of ways. In the manual, go to the maintenance schedule section. Study the intervals for such maintenance items as the engine oil and filter, tire rotation, belts and hoses, and so on.
2. Change your oil and oil filter.
Oil is your engine’s blood,it cannot run without it. It serves as a lubricant, keeping important engine parts from grinding against each other and destroying the engine. if the Motor oil is not changed regularly,the engine can be damaged as accumulated contaminants will cause friction, rubbing parts together.
What type of oil should you use? According to Edmunds.com Engineering Editor Jason Kavanagh,it is not important, he said “As long as the oil meets the service and viscosity requirements set out in your owner’s manual, you can switch back and forth as much as you want.”
3.Check your tire every month
Your tires are the only things separating your cars from the road. The need to be properly inflated so as to do their jobs very well. check your tires every month including the spare tires. if you want to know the correct tire pressure for your car,You’ll find that information on a placard located on the driver’s door jamb or in the owner’s manual.
4.Examine Belts and hoses.
If you want to go extra beyond normal vehicle maintenance routine, inspect the hoses and belt in the engine bay, the hoses are responsible for the movement of the coolant to avoid overheating of the engine, if a hose is separated, shows crack or bulges, it should be replaced
so also the belts,check the belts too. If this belt shows signs of wear, including cracking, glazing, and material loss (chunks missing from the belt itself), then replace it.
5. Inspect All other fluids
Engine oil is not the only fluid to check. There is brake and transmission fluids,coolant and washer fluids. you’ll check the transmission fluid with a dipstick just like the motor oil.Determine brake fluid, coolant, and washer fluid levels by removing related covers and visually inspecting each. By the way, NEVER remove the radiator cap to check coolant — you risk getting scalded. Instead, check that level in the nearby transparent refill container.
Dont forget these items too,
There are three other areas in vehicle maintenance to stay on top of: wiper blades, the battery, and the air filter. If the windows streak or the blades screech when the system is operating, then replace them. As for the car battery, the main requirement here is to ensure that the battery terminals remain free from corrosion. A wire brush along with a solution of water and baking soda will do the trick. When it comes to the air filter, you may need to replace it once or twice each year. Check the air filter when you change your oil.
Now that you know vehicle maintenance 101, you are well on your way to ensuring your car remains in top working condition.